In October 2014, the team from TransCanada’s Coastal GasLink Pipeline Project – a proposed 650 km natural gas pipeline from the Groundbirch area near Dawson Creek, B.C., to the proposed LNG Canada liquefied natural gas export facility near Kitimat, B.C. – delivered a series of presentations to communities across northern B.C. The goal of “The LNG Conversation” was to provide information, listen to local residents and address questions we’ve heard from people living along our proposed route.
In order to answer questions about the natural gas our pipeline will be transporting, and how that gas will be converted into liquefied natural gas (LNG), we brought Erik Neandross with us, a representative from LNG Canada; the liquefaction facility Coastal GasLink will connect to in Kitimat. Erik is an expert in the liquefaction process, and he was able to address many of the questions our audience had regarding LNG.
While we aren’t able to bring Erik to every community, we are able to share a video of his presentation, brought to us by our partners at LNG Canada.
Here are the top questions about natural gas we heard during our LNG road show …..
What is natural gas?
Natural gas is a naturally produced (raw) gas that has been stripped of most other natural constituents and consists mainly of methane (CH4). It is the lightest of the fossil fuels.
What is LNG?
LNG is just super-cooled natural gas that has been condensed into a liquid form for safe and efficient shipping overseas. Coastal GasLink will move natural gas in its gaseous state; it will then be cooled and turned into a liquid at the LNG Canada facility.
Is natural gas toxic or harmful?
Natural gas is clean-burning, contains no toxic or poisonous ingredients that can be absorbed into the blood when inhaled, and will not have negative effects provided the intake of oxygen is not compromised.
What happens to natural gas in the event of a pipeline leak?
Natural gas is an extremely safe product to transport. It is lighter than air and dissipates rapidly in open areas. In the event of a pipeline leak, the chances of the gas igniting are extremely low. Natural gas needs to be mixed with the necessary amount of air in order to support combustion. An air-gas mixture that contains less than five per cent or more than 15 per cent natural gas will not ignite. This makes it a stable, predictable and safe fuel to transport and use.
Does natural gas have an odour or colour?
Natural gas has no natural colour or odour of its own. A harmless sulphur-based agent with a distinct odour is added to allow natural gas to be detected when it reaches a concentration of less than one per cent in the atmosphere. This allows for quick detection of leaking gas when concentrations are well below levels that will support combustion.
What are the benefits of using natural gas for fuel?
Natural gas is an affordable and versitile energy source that can heat your home, power your appliances and act as fuel for transportation. Complete combustion of natural gas produces only heat, carbon dioxide and water vapour. Burning natural gas produces fewer emissions than burning many other alternatives.